Making Fermented Thai Pork Sausage
(แหนมหมู ; naem moo)

February 24, 2010 · 27 comments · Click to listen to the Thai name pronunciation Listen to the Thai name pronunciation


Search the luggage of Thai people travelling aboard and you will surely find food items rolled with a newspaper or a piece of cloth, hidden deep in their bags. Thai students will never travel without a jar of their favorite Roasted Chili Jam and Thai Housewives will always carry their preferred Fermented Shrimp Paste. Both will probably also carry couple of fermented Thai sausages as well.

You see, the intense and defined flavors of Thai cuisine, so harmonically coming together to a full whole, is simply irreplaceable. Thai people will not survive long without their loved Thai food.

Naem is a fermented sausage made with pork, pork skins, cooked sticky rice (gelatinous), fresh garlic, salt, sugar and bird’s eye chilies. The sausage is wrapped in banana leaves or synthetic casings and fermented for 3-5 to days at about 30C and 50% humidity. The fermentation process enables the growth of Lactic acid bacteria and yeasts, mostly lactobacilli, which accounts to the sourness of the sausage. The salt acts as an inhibitor preventing the meat from going rotten, allowing Lactic acid bacteria and yeasts to feed on the rice and sugar, fermenting the meat to perfection.

Naem is usually eaten with sliced ginger, chopped shallots, peanuts, bird’s eye chilies and spring onions. The fresh shallots give the dish a sweet heat that harmonizes well with the sourness of the naem.


Naem is also used in many recipes, the better known are fried rice with naem and naem fried with eggs.

Whether eaten raw or used for cooking, Thai sausages are packed with flavors!

So, for You, Thai people living abroad and for you, the lover of Thai food, I prepared this step by step tutorial on how to prepare a homemade fermented Thai sausage.

Fermented Thai Pork Sausage Recipe


  1. 1kg Pork lean Meat, Minced
  2. 350 gr Pork Skin
  3. 25 cloves Garlic
  4. 2 1/2 tbs Sea salt
  5. 1/2 tbs Sugar
  6. 1 tsp Monosodium Glutamate
  7. 1 Cup Cooked sticky rice (gelatinous rice)
  8. 40 bird’s eye chilies


  1. Trim and discard all the fat from the pork, leaving only lean red meat.
  2. Mince the pork meat. I use an old fashioned heavy duty manual meat grinder to do the job and rarely relay on the butcher for help.img_1860
  3. Clean the pork skin by rubbing vigorously with rough sea salt and white vinegar. Wash with running water. Repeat as necessary until the skin is clean and
  4. Cook the skin in boiling water until the skin become transparent and break easily when pinched. This can take up to 40 minutes.img_1846img_1851img_1865
  5. Shred the skin into thin strips of approximately 2mm wide and 4cm long
  6. In a mixing bowl combine all the ingredients; the pork meat, skin, garlic, rice, salt, sugar and MSG and work everything with your hands until the mixture is well and evenly mixed.img_1867img_1870img_1873img_1877
  7. According to the size of the sausage you make, arrange pork mixture on one corner of 20 x 20 cm banana leaf. Top with bird’s eye chilies, and roll as shown in the picture. If you do not have access to banana leaves you can use plastic wraps to create the sausage.img_1879img_1880img_1881img_1883img_18881
  8. Allow to ferment for 3-5 to days at about 30C and 50% humidity.

{ 27 comments… read them below or add one }

pim enya

วิธีการทำดูสะอาดสอ้าน แล้วก็อนามัยดี ทำให้ดูน่ากินมากเลยค่ะ

เห็นแล้ว พาลให้นึกไปถึงข้าวผัดแหนม แหนมผัดไข่ ไข่เจียวแหนม หลนแหลม … น่ากินทั้งนั้นเลยค่ะ



ขอบคุณ k. pim!


คิดถึง แหนมทอด ร้อนๆๆ เปรี้ยวๆๆ กินกับผักสด และข้าวสวยร้อนๆ



I found out your site from my friend… It is really nice one.
I will try this Sausage Recipe soon.



I did it. It was successful, I think. Thanks again.



Great!! Thanks for letting me know!


Great! And now, I would like to make yam naem :) which I ate at the so called Thai park in Berlin, Germany, never in Thailand – so far.

Would you post your recipe for this dish? Would be nice!

Cheers, Dorrie



Sure Dorrie, I would be happy to. Its one of my favorites too….. stay tuned…


บอกเพื่อนเวียดนามในออฟฟิศว่าเคยกินไหมแหนม มันบอกว้าวชอบๆๆๆ ทำเป็นไหม
มองสูตรคุณหนุมานแปปนึง นั่งคิดไม่ยากนี่เนอะ ตอบเค้าไป ได้ ๆ แต่เราไม่มีข้าวเหนียว
มันบอกมีๆๆบ้านมันมี เด่วให้แต่ทำให้กินด้วย
เราก้อบอกแต่เราไม่รู้ซื้อหนังหมูภาษาโปรตุกีสพูดไง มันบอกเด่วมันซื้อให้
บอกแต่เราไม่มีใบตอง มันบอก ไม่ต้องห่วงเด่วมันจัดให้หมด
แต่ทำให้มันกินด้วย 555 เสร็จโจร


Pitsamai Thanomjit

I will have to try to make this. Thank you so much for your affords and the knowledge you share here with us. I am really a big fan of yours. We plan to make Lod-Chong when my boyfriend is here.

Khop khun mag kha,




Did you buy the meat grinder in Thailand or abroad? I would like to grind my own meat as well and we live in Thailand. Thanks for the recipe



Sorry for the late reply Paige, The meat grinder is available from most kitchen utensils shops, also, check out the food equipment stores near sapan lek wang burapa around chainatown / bangkok


น่าอายจัง เราเป็นคนไทยแท้ๆๆแต่ยังทำไม่เอียดเท่าคุณหนุมานเลย



I used regular salt insted of sea salt. Does it make a difference? Also, it doesn’t have that pinkish color. Why is that? The nam powder I used before has a small packet of red salt and it males the nam pinkish red.Where can I buy red salt?





Any salt will do Jay. Actually in the northern east part of Thailand (Isaarn) they use mined underground salt. So no worries about that. As for the red color, homemade naam is not as red as the commercial product because you don’t add coloring agent like the factories do. its only a matter of food color.


Hi, when do you know when the meat has fermented enough to eat? Thanks! I’m excited to try this recipe!



asa, after 3 days its starts to taste sour, providing it was kept in the right temperature, than it turns sour, and ready. let it sit longer and it become more sour, a matter of taste.


Thank you for putting this together. What a great idea! I was searching for a simple recipe for naem and found much more on your site. The recipe with photos makes replication much easier.


Tim Gambrell

I’m very excited to find your blog and will try to make this recipe next week but in UK it won’t be 30°c and dry, do I need to leave them in the airing cupboard. Tim


Gary Sibley

Hi, I get the ingredients and temperature, but how do you get the humidity correct? I live in a condo and want to try and make this in the USA when I open “Mai Tai Cafe” (My Thai Cafe)





Is there a difference in the curing process whether you use plastic wrap or banana leaves? Is one better?



All commercial product is done in plastic wraps. some restaurants will use trays and line it with either plastic wrap or banana leaf, to create a square block of neam. Villagers will use banana leaves. Use whatever material you have available, there is no difference in taste or quality


I’m going to have a crack at this from the UK. Garlic cloves here are much bigger than Thai garlic cloves. Does the 25 cloves in the recipe assume Thai garlic? i.e. should I reduce the amount of cloves that I use.
Thanks, Neil



in this neam recipe i am using “regular” large garlic cloves


This article makes no mention of the numbers of Thai people who get food poisoning from this and many other “Thai delicacies”. It is one of the main reasons for admission to the hospital I work in. Please make sure that people understand they must be careful what they are doing.


Charlie Sommers

Many years ago I worked in a custom slaughterhouse in Tennessee where an elderly Lao man (Mr. Bingey – probably spelled wrong) would occasionally drop by for parts of the animals that are usually thrown away in America. He made the best tripe soup I ever ate but his fermented pork sausages were absolutely awesome. Rather than just using pork skin he preferred using thinly sliced pieces of ear and since you never knew which bite would contain the small but very hot chili we called his offering “pig ear surprises.” I never drink a beer in the summer without thinking how pleasant it would be to have a “pig ear surprise” to accompany it. I was saddened when Mr Bingey moved away but his delicious food has not been forgotten.



Hi Charlie, pig ears are a great treat, the cartilage is soft and crunchy and would definitely give a great texture to naem.

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